The British empire of the late 18th century had expanded through political, economic, and military means. When the battle of Bunker Hill occurred in June of 1775, the “First British Empire” included a unified Scotland (1707), Mediterranean naval bases at Gibraltar (1713) and Minorca (1763), had secured influence in India through the East India Company (1757), mapped New Zealand (1769), established control of Bermuda (1707), Florida (1763) and Canada (1763), solidified Caribbean colonies in the Bahamas (1718), Barbados (1652), Jamaica (1670), Belize (1642) and the Leeward Islands (1671). The 13 British American colonies were developed with permanent settlements between 1607 (Virginia) and 1732 (Georgia).
In this global context, the British Empire’s colonies along the present day United Sates eastern seaboard were part of a larger established imperial system that would, after the Peace of Paris (1783) expand further and consolidate power in the 19th century. The uprising called the American revolution was, at the same time, a provincial civil war as well as a European Enlightenment era political action. By exploring the imperial context of the American Revolution we complicate the national narrative that has been created and expand students’ understanding of international relations, global political structures, and the history of imperialism that extends into the 21st century.
- How does globalizing the narrative on the American Revolution impact your understanding of national history, identity, and nation building?
- In what ways and to what extent did the American Revolution impact other empires?
- What are the implications and new understandings that come form exploring the American Revolution from non-US perspectives?
- How does exploring the British empire, international relations, and the American Revolution impact your understanding of globalization?
- Scholar Presentation: The British Empire and the Causes of the American Revolution presented by Professor Andrew O’Shaughnessy (2016)
- C3 Inquiry Resources
- Secondary Sources/Information Texts
- NPR Interview – Iron Tears and the British perspective (2005)
- Boston Massacre Historical Society: Hardly a Massacre! article. (2008)
- Infographic – American Revolution Military Perspective (date unknown)
- Gilder-Lehrman Institute: Article –Two Revolutions in the Atlantic World: Connections between the American Revolution and the Haitian Revolution (2012?)
- Foreign Policy – “How did the British Press cover the American Revolution (2012)
- Short bio of Mohawk Chief Thayendanegea, Native History: Chief Joseph Brant Walked in Two Worlds (2013)
- 15 Minute History Podcast: The American Revolution in Global Context
- Russia and the American War of Independence (2015)
- Collection in Dutch Museum: Memory of the Netherlands – the Atlantic World
- Gene Procknow, How the British Won the American Revolutionary War (2015)
- Canadian Scholar to Offer Different View of American Revolution (2017)
- Myths from History Class – The American Revolution (2017)
- Bernardo de Galvez’s contribution to the American Revolution (2017)
- Overview of Native Americans during the American Revolution (2018)
- New Smithsonian Exhibit Opens: The American Revolution: A World War (2018)
- Primary Sources
- Map – British Empire in the Caribbean (1703)
- Library of Congress Collection: British Political Cartoons and Prints. These can be searched by year.
- His Majesty’s Most Gracious Speech to Both Houses of Parliament (1776)
- Mohawk Chief Joseph Brant letter to British Secretary of State Lord George Germain (1776)
- USA Treaty of Alliance with France (1778)
- Treaty of Friendship between Morocco and the United States (1786)
- Letter from President Washington to the Sultan of Morocco (1789)